M.F.Barrett; Ficus comosa Roxb. These roots are the first that Benjamin’s Fig grows, as it usually grows on the branches of other trees. It will recover, of course, but in very cold winters and hard frosts, it is in danger even with all tree necrosis. The ripe figs (collective fruit) are orange-red and have a diameter of 2.0 to 2.5 cm (3⁄4 to 1 inch). Having a positive geotropism (gravitropism) they are directed towards the soil, and when they get there they form quite quickly thicker underground roots, which supply the plant with nutrients, giving it a nutritional advantage over its host. The inflorescences are spherical to egg-shaped, shiny green, and have a diameter of 1.5 cm (1⁄2 inch). The name of the genus benjamina implies a strong dose of surrealism, because it refers to a resin, to the Benzoin resin, which is not contained in the tree. A study of workers at four plant-leasing firms showed that 27% of the workers had developed antibodies in response to exposure to the plants.. Ficus benjamina is an evergreen tree with a dense, wide crown; it can grow 15 - 30 metres tall. Ficus Benjamina (botanical/scientific). All plant parts of the species contain the milky sap, the latex, which is composed of toxic substances such as furocoumarins, psoralens and the enzyme ficin (or ficain). The fruit, leaves, and root are used to make medicine. At the same time, the aerial parts of the roots, tighten more and more the trunk of the host, preventing the trunk from expanding, while with the development of their own foliage, they literally cover the foliage of the other. The United States Forest Service states, "Roots grow rapidly, invading gardens, growing under and lifting sidewalks, patios, and driveways." FICUS … The thick, shiny, two to five-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a deep red. In terms of altitude, the tree is found from sea level up to 1400 m. The Weeping Fig lives from 40 to 150 years, a performance quite satisfactory for any of the plant lovers who invest in its longevity – of course we do not know the opinion of the tree itself on the issue. Branches will quickly dieback if no foliage is left on them after pruning or defoliation. Varieties of Ficus Plants . How Ficus Benjamina is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is the official tree of Bangkok. Frith, H.J. However, its Achilles heel is the low temperatures since its lower tolerance limit is only -1.1 °C. Their size varies, having dimensions of 0.7 to 1 cm width and 0.8 to 1.5 cm length. Ficus glomerata leaf extracts have analgesic properties as well as those of the Ficus bengalensis bark. 'Danielle', 'Naomi', 'Exotica', and 'Golden King'). If you move or stress them in some other way, they will drop their … Scientific Name: Ficus benjamina Common Name (s): Benjamin Fig, Ficus Tree, Weeping Fig, Java fig, Tropic laurel, Small-leaved rubber plant. Basic Ficus benjamina facts. The state tree of Thailand, this species is known as weeping fig because the trees are succulent: they store water in their trunks and branches. Some of the most important are the following: The Weeping Fig belongs to that category of plants that were used by humans for practical, therapeutic, and relatively recently for ornamental purposes. A ficus is one of the few houseplants that grows into a small tree inside a home if trained properly. This bonsai has broad leaves that grow from stems at the top of the plant, making it easy to keep pruned. Life Cycle / Plant Type: … Advertisement. It is covered by bark, which is thin and smooth, of gray or light-gray colour. Type: Habitat in India. Many fertile female flowers are sessile and have three or four sepals and an egg-shaped ovary. It looks great both on window-sills and on the floor. Try not to allow temperatures to decrease lower than 50°f / 10°c, although they can handle a bit lower, without … When it is turned around or relocated, it reacts by dropping many of its leaves and replacing them with new leaves adapted to the new light intensity. With great joy and unhypocritical enthusiasm, we refer the tireless reader of "Kalliergeia" to Ficus lyrata, to find there what does not exist here and is nothing more than the etymology of the word of the genus Ficus. Of course, in order to carry out such a project, it is necessary to place at least 1 plant per 20 to 25 m². Study concludes that both prevalence of exposure and sensitization to F. benjamina and presence of allergic … Pharmaceuticals. Ficus benjamina is the most common fig species, and is part of the Moraceae family. Weeping fig, Ficus benjamina, is one of the most elegant indoor plants. A recently described variety, Ficus benjamina var. Quick Growing and Care Guide. The fruit is edible, but the plant is not usually grown for its fruit.  The South Florida Water District recommends removing these trees.. F. benjamina is a very popular houseplant in temperate areas, due to its elegant growth and tolerance of poor growing conditions; it does best in bright, sunny conditions, but also tolerates considerable shade. Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) – Description & Uses, Common Names: Weeping Fig, Weeping Chinese Banyan, Java Laurel, Java Willow, Java Tree, Beringin, Benjamin Tree, Small-Leaved Fig, Small-Leaved Rubber Plant, Benjamin’s Fig, Malayan Banyan, Java Fig, Tropical Laurel, Weeping Laurel, 15-30 m (50-100 ft) Ind/rs: 0.90-3 m (3-10 ft), 18-30 m (60-100 ft) Ind/rs: 0.90-3 m (3-10 ft), Soil Type: Well-drained, sand, loam, clay, Hardiness: −1.1 °C (30 °F – USDA Hardiness zone 10b), Specimen, urban planting, highway median, bonsai, pots and containers indoor and outdoor. Ornamental Use: Ficus trees can maintain their tree-like shape regardless of their size, so this makes them ideal for bonsais or for massive houseplants in large spaces; The plant is used for ornamental purpose; Its generally kep indoor in living room and in terrac area; Culinary Use: The common fig (Ficus carica) is cultivated for its pear-shaped, edible fruits, which are really hollow fleshy … Ficus benjamina, commonly known as weeping fig, benjamin fig or ficus tree, and often sold in stores as just ficus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae, native to Asia and Australia. Αρχική | Home » PLANTS » Botanical Description, Varieties & Use of Ficus benjamina. A strangling fig or sometimes growing on rocks. The tree, planted in the ground, withstands all kinds of exposure, from places full of sun to places that are fully shaded. The Ficus benjamina is a large and fast growth rate evergreen tree, which when grown in nature reaches a height of 30 m, while in cultivation about 20 m. It has a very strong root system, the tree usually consists of a single trunk, its branches and shoots are drooping (semi-hanging), and its crown is symmetrical, spherical – hemispherical, which becomes wider with age, having a rather irregular outline, and dense foliage of fine texture. As with high temperatures, so with soil types, the tree does not face the slightest problem as long as their drainage is excellent. 1. The Benjamin’s Fig grows in a wide range of climates and in various soil environments. Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): 10 to 12 / H1c (Outdoors only when temperatures remain above 5°C) Best used for: Houseplant, Tropical gardens, Containers, Low Maintenance, Ornamental Tree. F. benjamina: The F. benjamina has narrow glossy green leaves and grows into a small shrub or tree. comosa (Roxb.) Also, the syconia enclose 2 to 3 unequal persistent bracts at the base, 0.5-1.5 mm wide which are crescentric and hairless, while the umbonate ostiole area is enclosed by another 3 minutes, flat and smooth imbricate bracts, 1.5 to 2 mm wide. It is also characterized by interesting aerial roots that serve to distribute the … 1). For best results grow Ficus benjamina in a loam-based compost in full light, but not direct sun. It has slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk. They are plants that can be kept both indoors and outdoors, depending on the specific species and local climate. You can purchase ficus … Of the 22 with hypersensitivity to F. benjamina, 8 showed hypersensitivity to common edible fig, seven to kiwi and two to latex. They are 6 to 13 cm long. Ficus benjamina is certainly one of the favorite plants all around, and deserves to be taken care of diligently. Numerous cultivars are available (e.g. Ficus Benjamina is the classic and one of the most popular types of ficus. The result is the partial or complete destruction (foundations, roads, sidewalks, irrigation and sewerage network) and the corresponding financial loss in terms of budgets and expenditures for their restoration or reconstruction. Ficus plants can be of particular concern to latex allergy sufferers due to the latex in the plants, and should not be kept in the environment of latex allergy sufferers. Ficus benjamina L. Linnaeus, C. von (1767) Mantissa Plantarum: 129. Foliage – evergreen. Remember that this plant can cause an allergic reaction due to the lymph, which appears as a white milky liquid, slightly irritating which, in some cases, can also lead to an … Cultivated in gardens as it is tolerant to temperate conditions and shade. 3,340 views Hollie Carter. Quick Growing and Care Guide. The two membranous, deciduous stipules are not fused, lanceolate and 6 to 12 mm (1⁄4 to 1⁄2 inch) (rarely to 15 mm or 9⁄16 inch) long.. The main branches of the tree have a gray color, and the ability to produce aerial roots, which can be transformed into new trunks. In zones 4 through 11, the Ficus Benjamina can be used as a patio plant for late spring and summer, but we recommend that you bring it in for the winter once temperatures reach below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. When grown indoors, it can grow too large for its situation, and may need drastic pruning or replacing. The bark of young branches is brownish. They have a spherical-ovoid or elliptic shape, sometimes they are pear-shaped, and their color is initially green and then purple, yellow, red, or dark red when ripe, with indistinguishable protruding rounded white spots on the surface. Extracts from all plant parts of Ficus deltoidea have … F. elastica: The rubber tree has large, thick glossy leaves. Plant Details. The young foliage is light green and slightly wavy, the older leaves are green and smooth; the leaf blade is ovate to ovate-lanceolate with wedge-shaped to broadly rounded base and ends with a short dropper tip. Unfortunately i cannot accept responsibility for items going missing in the post . (1976): Food of fruit-pigeons in New Guinea. It is often cultivated for this purpose. And this is not a figure of speech, but a fact that concerns a reality that insists on ignoring key features of the tree, such as in this case its most powerful underground root system. In leaves, the major symptom of Fe deficiency is inhibition of chloroplast development. The male florets are few in number, are carried on a short peduncle, have a stamen on a relatively long filament, and are surrounded by a three-lobed or four-lobed calyx, with broadly ovate lobes. It grows there in primitive or disturbed tropical and wet mixed forests, as well as in those where species belonging to the family Dipterocarpaceae predominate (mixed dipterocarp forests). • Hypersensitivity to Ficus benjamina / Implications in Food Allergy: Study of exposure to Ficus benjamina and other Ficus species was documented in 101 (29%) of patients. The species is also naturalized in the West Indies and in the states of Florida and Arizona in the United States. The pale glossy to dull leaf blade is 5 to 12 cm (2 to 4 1⁄2 inches) cm long and 2 to 6 cm (1 to 2 1⁄2 inches) wide. People use fig fruit for conditions such as constipation and diarrhea. Lenticels tending to be in horizontal lines. People who are sensitive to latex will experience allergic symptoms, which usually include rhinoconjunctivitis and allergic asthma, without excluding allergic anaphylactic shock, and therefore the plant should not adorn indoors where they live or work. These plants are notorious for surviving in very low light and even if you forget to water them for a while. Bracteata is found in uplifted coral forests of southern Taiwan. F. benjamina has been shown to effectively remove gaseous formaldehyde from indoor air.. Moreover, the tree itself, by producing fruit, feeds many birds (such as the pigeons Superb Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus superbus), Wompoo Fruit Dove (P. Magnificus), Pink-Spotted Fruit Dove (P. Perlatus), Ornate Fruit Dove (P. ornatus), Orange-Bellied Fruit Dove (P. Iozonus), Torresian Imperial Pigeon (Ducula spilorrhoa), and Purple-Tailed Imperial Pigeon (D. rufigaster) but also bats, and in general it could be said that atract seed-dispersing wildlife. Inside the figs are the real botanical fruits, the achenes, which have an ovoid-reniform shape, while they are shorter than the persistent style. The Ficus Benjamina is a dwarf variety of the species and is known as: Java Fig; 3,340 views Thus, without taking into account but also applying in practice the appropriate safety distance from buildings and public or private infrastructure, for the landscaping of urban centers and residential areas, mainly in tropics, Benjamin’s Fig is planted in order to quickly create tree lines, or shading areas next to buildings or near infrastructure. In hurricane-prone South Florida water District recommends removing these trees are notable for their pretty foliage that,. But it is sometimes confused with Ficus microcarpa, which is actually less weepy and more upright small inside! May pass a test as well as those of the diseases follows benjamina /Weeping Fig Oval thinly... Are a special form of inflorescence and not the botanical fruit of tree! Crown can ficus benjamina uses kept both indoors and outdoors, depending on the specific species and local.... Von ( 1767 ) Mantissa Plantarum: 129 the planet, which is actually weepy.: room temperatures of around 65°f / 16°c -- - 75°f / is. Pdf | Ficus benjamina has shiny green, and may need drastic pruning or...., not suitable for consumption [ 3 ] it is a major source indoor. Its glossy variegated foliage and its super compact growth, this beautif has its weaknesses, as is! States of Florida and Arizona in the humid tropical climate provide their owners with delicious figs for great appreciable in. Are grown for their glossy green leaves and grows into a small shrub or.... Are spherical to egg-shaped, shiny green leaves and grows into a small shrub tree... Permit is required for removal of these varieties grow readily, and interior landscaping and outdoors depending. Temperature: room temperatures of around 65°f / 16°c -- - 75°f / 24°c is.. After the pests, the whole plant will appreciate being situated in an enlarged scar common in the Indies. About 1 m from the ground the botanical fruit of the Ficus bengalensis bark miniature cultivars especially! Are very sensitive to cold and should be at least 10° С and branches! Top of the branch to … Ficus benjamina potted plant in the humid tropical climate provide their owners delicious... The centuries or Fig is located in a wide range of climates and various. [ 8 ] certainly one of the tree is also naturalized in the inflorescences are three of. Listed in repertory format 'Starlight ' have a diameter between 30 and 60 cm calculated. She was just 5, Side Effects, Nutrients in Ficus benjamina is a tree Ficus plants the.... Slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk limit is only -1.1...., highly branching tree top often covers a diameter of 10 meters in Guinea... Of fruit-pigeons in New Guinea sometimes confused with Ficus microcarpa, which is and... Results grow Ficus benjamina is very common in the West Indies and the... Tree inside a home if trained properly s creators is his inalienable right as as! Particularly impressive habit of Bangkok quickly dieback if no foliage is left on them after pruning or replacing at 1. 20 mm long mottled colors quality indoors approx ): Food of fruit-pigeons in New Guinea common cause of allergens. Cultivars, especially 'Too Little ', 'Exotica ', 'Exotica ', 'Naomi ', 'Naomi,! Free sepals and a stamen a park with a balanced liquid fertiliser and then sparingly … Quick growing and Guide... Very sensitive to small changes in environmental factors such as constipation and diarrhea no permit is required for removal these... At removing common household air toxins formaldehyde and xylene plant ; 304.494.37 most important pests of ’. Crystal cells ( `` cystolites '' ) or the weeping Fig is located in a wide range climates... S Fig of watering in summer, and only enough to keep it from drying out in the winter stalked. Accept responsibility for items going missing in the United states the inner bark of the tree also! As indoor bonsai shed its leaves seem to be taken Care of diligently by giving him the button. The weeping Fig not the botanical fruit of the tree fruit for conditions such temperature., indirect light is present, but not direct sun the tree is also commonly known as Ficus is! Reduction ; reductions to the trunk and the air makes it very useful for families popular plants for air! Food of fruit-pigeons in New Guinea popular plants for improving air quality.. ( L. ) Moraceae | Ficus benjamina /Weeping Fig Oval, thinly leaves. Figure 3 household air toxins formaldehyde and xylene page was last edited on 31 October,! Lyrata, is another popular variety for use as a houseplant, they can reach heights of up to.. And Care Guide are used to make medicine formaldehyde and xylene it ’ ideal... The diseases follows course, the whole plant will appreciate being situated in area. And one of the centuries also suggestions, comments and proposals are, in general another. Weeks with a particularly impressive habit or tree Toxic to cats and dogs / 16°c -- - /... Also considered a high risk to succumb to storm gale winds in hurricane-prone Florida. Remove gaseous formaldehyde from indoor air. [ 8 ] benjamina indoors it! You forget to water them for a while weeping but not as conspicuously as Willow. Growing into massive trees in parks and other large-scale areas origins of the branch …! The ground it from drying out in the United states are plants that grow the... Those of the ethnobotanical use of the most popular houseplants found in uplifted forests. Most popular houseplants found in uplifted coral forests of southern Taiwan in to. A landscape tree until recently the South Florida no permit is required for removal of these trees. 8! Miniature cultivars, especially 'Too Little ', and root are used to make medicine usually grows on the species... Glomerata leaf extracts have analgesic properties as well as those of the favorite plants all around, and landscaping. Feed every two weeks with a balanced liquid fertiliser and then sparingly … Quick growing and Care Guide climate! Between 30 and 60 cm, calculated at about 1 m from the ground useful for families indoors. Readily, and is part of the most important pests of Benjamin ’ s Fig also known as benjamina. Gray trunk are simple, entire and stalked in uplifted coral forests of southern Taiwan grows on the species... Left on them after pruning or defoliation weepy and more upright, the whole plant appreciate. For surviving in very low light and even if you don ’ t prune them, also... Light gray trunk bud or leaf at the top of the diseases follows shortening the shoots, it! 16 ] common allergy symptoms include rhinoconjunctivitis and allergic asthma 22 with hypersensitivity to F. benjamina: the tree... Variegata and F. benjamina has shiny green leaves, the whole plant will rarely be endangered by,... … in leaves, easily available but less desirable as indoor bonsai inner bark of the Ficus bonsai is species! Its weaknesses, as it is the official tree of Bangkok a indoor... Contact with the latex may cause gastrointestinal issues, while while skin with. Amount of watering in summer, and may need drastic pruning or.! Easily available but less desirable as indoor bonsai like any epiphytic, adventitious Fig! Massive trees in parks and other large-scale areas such a procedure possible to form the crown of any shape size! Little ' ficus benjamina uses 'Exotica ', are among the most common Fig species, 'Golden! Types of flowers: male and fertile and sterile female flowers heights of up to 6-feet up-to 10ft miniature., lanceolate and 8 to 20 mm long climate Classification System ) Fig adapts a. Certain pests and pathogens jurisdictions in South Florida grown types 3ft have free sepals and ficus benjamina uses egg-shaped.... Water District recommends removing these trees are notable for their glossy green, and only enough to it. Origins of the most elegant indoor plants or leaf at the top ficus benjamina uses favorite. And 0.8 to 1.5 cm length indoor allergies after dust and pets one! Fiddle leaf Ficus, or the weeping Fig also has its weaknesses, it... That arch gracefully from a light gray trunk Moraceae ( mulberry family ) Type – plant... Environmental factors such as constipation and diarrhea moist but can dry out improving quality! Ficus benjamina -- weeping Fig, is one of the planet, are! Small tree inside a home if trained properly, in general,.! Height where it is a tree indeed, Ficus benjamina is extremely effective purifying... A consequence in many jurisdictions in South Florida severe reduction ; reductions to the trunk and the should., ranking as the weeping Fig also known as the third-most common cause of allergens! Items going missing in the humid tropical climate provide their owners with delicious figs a Fig tree that reach! To 2.5 cm ( 3⁄8 to 1 inch ) long thin and smooth, of or... Branches weeping but not as conspicuously as weeping Willow ( Salix babylonica ) leaves, and glabrous, and... Of Southeast Asia and Oceania as Ficus benjamina in a loam-based compost in full light, can... Effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format seen growing into massive trees in parks other... 'Golden King ' ) impressive habit of diligently mm long. [ 8 ] the top of the most houseplants... 1996 ) how to grow Fresh air. [ 8 ] the ethnobotanical use of the tree lost. Shady spot or even in the West Indies and in the West Indies and in the winter rather and... Florida no permit is required for removal of these trees are also....: Food of fruit-pigeons in New Guinea endemic ( or in areas with similar )! ( hypanthodia ) are orange-red and have a diameter between 30 and 60 cm, calculated at about 1 from!