The United States and the Allies developed many ways to protect ships carrying supplies to Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Merchant Marine in the Pacific. The Queen Mary was carrying about 20,000 American Troops to join the Allied Forces. As with all ships, fire is one of the greatest dangers and SS United States was built with as little flammable material as possible. In the early years of World War II, German submarines, also known as U-Boats, threatened ships traveling across the Atlantic Ocean. We lack good evidence coming from the Axis side. This is a List of US Navy ships sunk or damaged in action during World War II. Many cargo ships were sunk by the U-Boats. 02/21/07. Winter 2003, Vol. 4 By Lee A. Gladwin The Oryoku Maru under attack at Olongapo, Luzon, December 14–15, 1944. (U.S. Marine Corps photo by Sgt. Dustin D. March) She was known as a ‘hornets nest’ in the war as there were lots of nationalities on the ship. On Dec. 7, 1941, the cargo ship SS Cynthia Olson was the first U.S. flag ship torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in World War II.The ship and all on board were lost about 1,200 miles west of the Pacific Coast. It is widely acknowledged that during sea trials in 1952, SS United States reached speeds in excess of 43 knots. There were 2 of us on the poop deck on the aft of the ship and we were manning the 6 inch gun – in case we came under attack. 35, No. Modern cruise ships operate at a much more sedate 18 to 20 knots during their voyages. You may quote material on this web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War,, as the source. Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II Ships Home. "According to our [U. S. National Archives] records, in 1951 the Department of the Army destroyed all passenger lists, manifests, logs of vessels, and troop movement files of United States Army Transports for World War II." (Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, RG 38) John M. Jacobs had been in Manila when the Japanese captured the Philippines in the early stages of World War II, and now, in 1944, he was a prisoner of war, or POW, in the Bilibid Prison in Manila. The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. Officially, a total of 1,554 ships were sunk due to war conditions, including 733 ships of over 1,000 gross tons. There are many sources and sometimes there is no clear evidence. ©1998 - 2007. PT-59 (more on her later) is credited with sinking Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) submarine I-3 on December 9, 1942 near Guadalcanal. Hundreds of other ships were damaged by torpedoes, shelling, bombs, kamikazes, mines, etc. Two co contribuitors gave the data for USA and UK which were the more affected nations in the Allied side. You may not use more than a few lines without permission. Many of the 300 Marines coming to Helmand as part of the NATO-led Resolute Support training mission are veterans of previous tours in the province, where almost 1,000 coalition troops, mostly US and British, were killed fighting the Taliban.